Phonological Cycles - Winter Semester 2017/18

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A pervasive assumption in phonological theory is that phonological processes apply cyclically, starting with small chunks of morphosyntactic material and then extending to iteratively growing constituents which include the output of earlier cycles. This idea is already central in early rule-based phonology (especially the Sound Pattern of English, Chomsky & Halle 1968), system-defining in Lexical Phonology and Morphology (LPM, Pesetsky 1979, Kiparsky 1982) and Cyclic Phonology (Halle & Vergnaud 1987), and still crucial in most versions of Optimality Theory (especially in Stratal OT, Kiparsky 2000, Bermúdez-Otero 2011, Sign-based morphophonology, Inkelas & Zoll 2005, and asymmetric output-output correspondence, Benua 1997). Morphological strata as in Stratal OT can be seen as a special case of cyclicity where where the phonological grammar differs for specific cycles (or set of cycles). In this course, we discuss the classical literature on cyclicity in phonology, and central research questions, such as Strict Cycle effects, bracket erasure, and the cyclic evaluation of affixes.


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Jochen Trommer
Institut für Linguistik
Universität Leipzig

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