Concatenative Approaches to Non-concatenative Morphology

This course is an introduction to morphological operations which go beyond simple affixation and compounding (infixation, reduplication, subtractive morphology, truncation, umlaut, mutation, root-and-pattern morphology) and to theoretical approaches which interpret this type of morphology as a complex interaction of affixation and phonological processes (Autosegmental Phonology, Prosodic Morphology, and offsprings). A central question to be addressed is to what degree morphology and phonology are involved in specific types of operations.

Slides and Readings

(Slides become available incrementally during the course)

Introduction (Non-)concatenative Morphology
Autosegmental Morphology Tone Yip (2006:1-9)
Autosegmental Morphology Roots, and Patterns
McCarthy (1979:116-169)
Marantz (1982) Part1 Part2
Prosodic Morphology A Crash Course in Syllable Structure
Lengthening Morphology as Mora Affixation
A Crash Course in Foot Structure
McCarthy & Prince (2004:1-19)
Optimality Theory A Crash Course in OT
Infixation in OT
Roots and Patterns as Affixation+Phonology
McCarthy & Prince (1993:21-36)


Rene Kager (1996) On affix allomorphy and syllable counting. in Ursula Kleinhenz, ed. Interfaces in Phonology. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 155-171.

Alec Marantz (1982) Re Reduplication. Linguistic Inquiry 13:483-545. Part1 Part2.

Mary Paster (2005) Subcategorization vs. output optimization in syllable-counting allomorphy. Proceedings of the 24th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, 326-333.

John McCarthy (1979) Formal Problems in Semitic Phonology and Morphology. PhD Thesis MIT.

John McCarthy & Alan Prince (2004) Prosodic Morphology. in John Goldsmith, ed., A Handbook of Phonological Theory, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 318366

John McCarthy & Alan Prince (1994) The Emergence of the Unmarked: Optimality in Prosodic Morphology, in Merce Gonzalez, ed., Proceedings of the North East Linguistics Society 24, GLSA, Amherst, 333379.

John McCarthy & Alan Prince (1993) Generalized Alignment, Yearbook of Morphology, 79153

Adam Ussishkin (2003) . Templatic effects as fixed prosody: The verbal system in Semitic. In J. Lecarme, J. Lowenstamm, and U. Shlonsky, eds., Research in Afroasiatic Grammar III, p. 511-530 (selected papers from CAL 5), John Benjamins, Amsterdam.

Yip, M. (2006) Tone. In P. de Lacy (ed.) The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology. Cambridge University Press


Jochen Trommer
Institut für Linguistik
Universität Leipzig

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