Abstract

Leung, S., Recasens, M., Grimm, S., & Escera, C. (2013). Electrophysiological index of acoustic temporal regularity violation in the middle latency range. Clinical Neurophysiology, 124(12), 2397-2405.

Electrophysiological index of acoustic temporal regularity violation in the middle latency range

OBJECTIVE: Acoustic violations in temporal regularity have been traditionally indexed by mismatch negativity (MMN). However, recent studies have demonstrated that humans can detect auditory changes in physical sound features, such as frequency, location and intensity, in the first 50ms after sound onset. Our aim was to examine if temporal regularity violations could be detected in the middle latency range. METHODS: We used an oddball paradigm with 290ms as standard stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) and 200ms as deviant SOA. We also employed a control paradigm that comprised of seven SOAs including 200 and 290ms, in order to control for differences due to refractoriness. RESULTS: In the middle latency range, temporal regularity violations led to enhanced Pa and Nb responses, which behaved differently to the corresponding SOAs in the control condition. In the long latency range, temporal regularity violations led to similar behaviours in both oddball and control paradigms. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that with a fast presentation rate, human brains are capable to detect temporal regularity violations in the middle latency range. SIGNIFICANCE: Together with previous studies that found early change detection responses, the current study emphasises that the human brain can encode simple regularity violation as early as approximately 50ms post-stimulus onset.



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