Abstract

Lachmann, T., Berti, S., Kujala, T., & Schröger, E. (2005). Diagnostic subgroups of developmental dyslexia have different deficits in neural processing of tones and phonemes. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 56(2), 105-120.

Diagnostic subgroups of developmental dyslexia have different deficits in neural processing of tones and phonemes

The present study addressed auditory processing in 8-11-year-old children with developmental dyslexia by means of event-related brain potentials (ERP). Cortical sound reception was evaluated by recording N250 responses to syllables and tones and cortical sound discrimination by analyzing the mismatch negativity (MMN) to syllable and tone changes. We found that both cortical sound reception and sound discrimination were impaired in dyslexic children. The analysis of the data obtained from two dyslexic subgroups, Dyslexics-1 being impaired in non-word reading (or both non-word and frequent word reading) and Dyslexics-2 in frequent word reading but not in non-word reading, revealed that the MMN was specifically diminished in the latter group whereas it was normal-like in Dyslexics-1. However, no differences were found between these subgroups in sound reception as indicated by the responses elicited by the standard stimuli. These results show that different diagnostic subgroups of dyslexics have different patterns of auditory processing deficits as suggested by similarly impaired sound reception in both dyslexic groups and the sound-discrimination impairment specific to one of the groups.



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