Abstract

Jacobsen, T. K., Steinberg, J., Truckenbrodt, H., & Jacobsen, T. (2013). Mismatch Negativity (MMN) to successive deviants within one hierarchically structured auditory object. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 87(1), 1-7.

Mismatch Negativity (MMN) to successive deviants within one hierarchically structured auditory object

The Mismatch Negativity (MMN), a component of the event-related potential (ERP), is elicited by a deviant following a series of standard stimuli. The present study addressed the question whether two deviants occurring successively in one hierarchically organized auditory object would elicit separate MMN responses. An example of such an object is a VC syllable (vowel+consonant). In a passive oddball protocol, the syllables [open ox] and [varepsilon] were presented both as standards and deviants so that both phonemes, the vowel and the consonant, changed in the respective deviant. Two negative responses were found in the deviant-minus-standard difference waves. Due to the latencies these effects could not be interpreted as separate MMN responses to the phonemic changes. Instead, the first effect (108ms) was taken as an N1 modulation whereas the second negativity (168ms) was interpreted as an MMN mainly reflecting the change of the initial vowel. Furthermore, the present data were statistically compared with related results from Steinberg et al. (2010a, b) obtained partly from the same stimuli presented in oddball blocks with simple mono-phonemic deviances due to changing vowels. Higher MMN amplitudes were found for the syllable [varepsilon] in the present data compared to those previous findings. Although this difference was only present for one of the stimulus syllables, it is discussed as a possible indicator of an anticipatory MMN enhancement due to the predictability of the second change in the deviant of the present experiment.



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